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A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a blow to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts normal brain function, but not all jolts to the head result in a TBI. Mild TBIs are known as concussions, whereas severe TBIs can lead to an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia. Falls and motor-vehicle crashes are some of the top causes for the 1.4 million TBI-related hospitalizations and deaths each year. The good news: some concussions are preventable. Visit the following sources to learn more about TBI prevention and management.
Brain Injury Resource Center:
Find out about post-concussion syndrome, check out support groups and brain injury resources, and find doctors and rehabilitation facilities.
There is a wealth of information on brain injury for both physicians and patients from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Download booklets (including a Spanish version) on concussion diagnosis, prevention, and sports-related concussion management.
Medline Plus—a service of the National Institutes of Health and National Library of Medicine—has information on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of concussion in Spanish and English.
This page includes advice for at-home treatment of concussion in the event of an emergency after one has called 911.
American Academy of Neurology Foundation
The Brain Matters
AAN patient website
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center
Alzheimer's Foundation of America
National Ataxia Foundation
Autism Society of America
United Cerebral Palsy
National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association
National Headache Foundation
American Council for Headache Education
The Migraine and Pain Fund
Hereditary Disease Foundation
Huntington's Disease Society of America
Multiple Sclerosis Association of America
Multiple Sclerosis Foundation
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America
Muscular Dystrophy Association
American Pain Foundation
American Parkinson Disease Association
Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research
National Parkinson Foundation
Parkinson's Disease Foundation
American Stroke Association
National Stroke Association
Brain Injury Association of America
Because our senses of smell and taste contribute significantly to our enjoyment of life, our desire to eat, and warn us about dangers like fires and spoiled food, smell and taste disorders can be serious. Check out the resources below for further information.
Brought to you by the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, this page offers links to articles on taste and smell, directories of physicians, and more.
This article explains impaired smell, what to expect at the doctor's office, and treatment options.