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NINDS Disorders is an index of neurological conditions provided by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. This valuable tool offers detailed descriptions, facts on treatment and prognosis, and patient organization contact information for over 500 identified neurological disorders.

Neurology Now
Stroke Support 08.01.2014
This Way In: New Guideline for Preventing Stroke in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation 08.01.2014
Hitting the Books: Having lost her ability to read because of a stroke, acclaimed writer Esmeralda Santiago began the difficult but familiar process of learning a new language. 08.01.2014
Age Is Just a Number: Young adult stroke is one the rise. Here's what you should know. 03.01.2013
Letter: Speak Up for Stroke 11.01.2012
Speak Up for Stroke 07.01.2012
The Waiting Room: Neurology News: Speak Up for Stroke Campaign 04.01.2012
The Signs of Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack 10.01.2011
Mind Games: Computerized cognitive exercise is big business. But do the industry's claims stand up? 07.01.2010
Walk This Way 05.01.2010
NEUROBICS ANSWERS 05.01.2010
Q My wife had a minor stroke six months ago and has experienced some depression since. Is this common? Do you have any recommendations?. 01.01.2010
Neurobics: More Than the Sum of Its Parts. 11.01.2009
Neurobics: More Than the Sum of Its Parts. 11.01.2009
Neurobics: Sum Snap. 09.01.2009
African Americans and Stroke. 07.01.2009
Emergency Plan. 05.01.2009
NEUROBICS: Lingraphica Puzzles. 05.01.2009
No Joke. 05.01.2009
Black, White, & Gray. 05.01.2009
Reading Room: My Stroke of Insight. 03.01.2009
Your Brain on Ice. 03.01.2009
Give Me 5 for Stroke. 07.01.2008
Transportation Options. 07.01.2008
After suffering a stroke in utero, Isaac underwent a life-saving surgery.. 07.01.2008
Beauty and the Brain. 05.01.2008
Statins and Stroke. 03.01.2008
Tedy Bruschi's Post-stroke Return to the NFL.. 03.01.2008
Clearing the Way. 01.01.2008
The Diving Bell and the Butterfly. 11.01.2007
Train Your Brain. 07.01.2007
Botox After Stroke. 05.01.2007
Spotting Strokes. 03.01.2007
Good Ideas on Stroke Care and Prevention. 01.01.2007
Singing for Stroke. 01.01.2007
Your Questions Answered: STROKE. 09.01.2006
Rejecting Denials. 07.01.2006
Who Shot Tony Soprano?. 05.01.2006
AAN Press Releases
Healthy Lifestyle May Cut Stroke Risk in Half for Women 10.08.2014
Study: Colds May Temporarily Increase Stroke Risk in Children 08.20.2014
Growth Hormone Treatment Tied to Increased Risk of Stroke 08.13.2014
Monitoring Pulse After Stroke May Prevent a Second Stroke 07.23.2014
Diet Higher in Protein May Be Linked to Lower Risk of Stroke 06.11.2014
Meta-Analysis: Any Blood Pressure Reading Above Normal May Increase Risk of Stroke 03.12.2014
Study: Heart Attacks, Stroke at Work Often Follow Vigorous Physical Activity 02.24.2014
Guideline: People with Irregular Heartbeat Should Take Blood Thinners to Prevent Stroke 02.24.2014
New Apps May Help Detect Seizures, Treat Strokes 02.20.2014
Can Citrus Ward Off Your Risk of Stroke? 02.14.2014
Shingles Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke in Young Adults 01.02.2014
Having a Stroke May Shave Nearly Three Out of Five Quality Years Off Your Life 10.09.2013
Can Vitamin B Supplements Help Stave Off Stroke? 09.18.2013
Chinese People May Be at Higher Risk for Stroke than Caucasians 07.15.2013
Have a Brain Injury? You May Be at Higher Risk for Stroke 06.26.2013
Should You Stop Blood Thinners Before Surgery? AAN Guideline Provides Direction 05.27.2013
Study: Teen Years May Be Critical in Later Stroke Risk 04.24.2013
Tests to Predict Heart Problems and Stroke May Be More Useful Predictor of Memory Loss than Dementia Tests 04.01.2013
New York Researcher Receives $130,000 Award for Stroke Research 03.25.2013
California Neurologist Receives AAN Michael S. Pessin Stroke Leadership Prize 03.01.2013
Depressed Stroke Survivors May Face Triple the Risk of Death 01.11.2013
Antidepressants Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke, But Risk Is Low 10.17.2012
Study: Stroke Becoming More Common in Young People 10.10.2012
Can Eating Tomatoes Lower the Risk of Stroke? 10.08.2012
Emotional Neglect in Children Linked to Increased Stroke Risk Later in Life 09.19.2012
Heavy Drinking May Lead to Stroke Earlier in Life 09.10.2012
Chocolate: A Sweet Method for Stroke Prevention in Men? 08.29.2012
Taking Cholesterol Drugs in Hospital May Improve Stroke Outcomes 05.21.2012
University of California Researcher Awarded $130,000 for Stroke Research 04.25.2012
Being Born in Another Country May Protect Against Stroke for U.S. Hispanics 02.21.2012
Is Clot-Busting Drug Safe for Kids with Strokes? 02.17.2012
How Fast You Walk and Your Grip in Middle Age May Predict Dementia, Stroke 02.15.2012
Who Will Benefit from Stroke Drug? New Score Can Help Decide 02.06.2012
Speak Up: What You Should Know About Stroke 02.01.2012
Magnetic Stimulation of Brain May Help Some Stroke Patients Recover 12.14.2011
People with Stroke History Who Receive Clot-Busting Therapy Fare Better 11.16.2011
Your Stroke Risk Profile May Also Help Predict Your Risk of Memory Problems 11.07.2011
Researchers: People with Dementia Less Likely to Return Home After Stroke 10.31.2011
Crossing Legs After Severe Stroke May Be a Good Sign of Recovery 10.10.2011
Blood Pressure Slightly Above Normal? You May Still Be at Increased Risk of Stroke 09.28.2011
Good News for Rural Stroke Patients: Virtual Stroke Care Appears Cost-Effective 09.14.2011
Simple Test May Help Identify People at Risk of Stroke 08.17.2011
Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs May Help Prevent Recurrent Strokes in Younger People 08.01.2011
Using Olive Oil in Your Diet May Prevent a Stroke 06.15.2011
Moderate to Intense Exercise May Protect the Brain 06.08.2011
1 in 7 Strokes Occurs During Sleep, Many Go Without Clot-Busting Treatment 05.09.2011
Depression, Age, Other Factors Linked to Dependence After Stroke 03.14.2011
Stroke Survivors with Irregular Heartbeat May Have Higher Risk of Dementia 03.07.2011
Who Can Drive After a Stroke? Tests Can Help Decide 02.21.2011
Pennsylvania Neurologist Receives AAN Michael S. Pessin Stroke Leadership Prize 02.16.2011
Study: Native Hawaiians at Higher Risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke at Younger Age 02.15.2011
Memory Problems May Be Sign of Stroke Risk 02.09.2011
Spike Reported in Number of People with HIV Having a Stroke 01.19.2011
Last Call for Entries: Public Asked to Submit Videos to 2011 Neuro Film Festival 01.11.2011
Eating Less Healthy Fish May Contribute to America’s Stroke Belt 12.22.2010
Why Are People with Stroke More Likely to Die If Hospitalized on Weekend? 11.01.2010
New Guideline: MRI Better Than CT Scans at Diagnosing Stroke 07.12.2010
People with Common Heart Defect Also More Likely to Have Brain Aneurysms 05.03.2010
Smoking May Counteract Benefit of Moderate Drinking on Stroke Risk 04.13.2010
Ocular Shingles Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke 03.03.2010
Study: Women Need Clot-Busting Therapy After Stroke 03.01.2010
Vote Now for Your Favorite 2010 Neuro Film Festival Video 02.17.2010
Study: Secondary Stroke Prevention Needs Improvement 02.15.2010
Can Chocolate Lower Your Risk of Stroke? 02.11.2010
Recent Immigrants May Have Lower Risk of Early Stroke 02.03.2010
Memory Failing? You May Be at Higher Risk for Stroke 02.01.2010
New Web Tool May Help Predict Risk of Second Stroke 12.16.2009
Americans Born in the South May Have a Higher Risk of Dying From Stroke as Adults 11.30.2009
Moderate-to-Heavy Exercise May Reduce Risk of Stroke for Men 11.23.2009
Protein May Predict Heart Attack and Early Death, Not Stroke 10.19.2009
One in Eight Strokes Is Preceded by ‘Warning Stroke’ 09.28.2009
High Blood Pressure May Lead to ‘Silent’ Strokes 07.27.2009
Suffer Stroke Symptoms? Second Strokes Often Follow Within Hours 06.01.2009
Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs May Help Prevent Stroke Recurrence 05.25.2009
Controlling Cholesterol, Blood Pressure Adds Up to Prevent Stroke 04.29.2009
Screening to Help Prevent Stroke in Kids Increases, But Limited Access a Problem 04.13.2009
Does Gene Show Link Between Migraine and Stroke or Heart Attacks? 02.16.2009
Smokers with Stroke in the Family 6 Times More Likely to Have Stroke Too 12.31.2008
Can Exercise Prevent a Severe Stroke? 10.20.2008
African-Americans May Be at Higher Risk of Stroke-Causing Brain Lesions 10.06.2008
Blood Thinning Drug Linked to Increased Bleeding in Brain 09.29.2008
Cholesterol Drugs Lower Risk of Stroke for Elderly Too 09.03.2008
Gastrointestinal Bleeding After Stroke May Increase Risk of Death 08.06.2008
Eating Fish May Prevent Memory Loss and Stroke in Old Age 08.04.2008
Gene May Put Women with Migraine at Increased Risk of Heart Disease and Stroke 07.30.2008
Mexican Americans, Women May be at Increased Risk for Type of Stroke 06.11.2008
Women More Likely to Comply with Stroke Prevention Despite Being More Depressed 04.16.2008
People with Cardiac Arrest Less Likely To Survive If Admitted on Weekend 04.16.2008
Prolonged Fasting Increases Risk of Rare Type of Stroke 04.15.2008
Toronto Researcher Receives AAN Founders Award 04.07.2008
UCLA Neurologist Receives AAN Michael S. Pessin Stroke Leadership Award 04.07.2008
NFL Linebacker Receives AAN’s Public Leadership in Neurology Award 04.07.2008
Brain Lesions More Common than Previously Thought 03.31.2008
Morgan Fairchild Joins AAN, ASA, ACEP with New Way to Recognize Stroke Signs 03.26.2008
Hispanics with Clogged Arteries at Greatest Risk of Stroke, Heart Attack 03.19.2008
Psychological Distress, Not Depression, Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke 03.03.2008
Worried About Family or Friends Falling? New Guideline Identifies Those Most at Risk 02.04.2008
New Gene Identified for Condition that Causes Blood Clots in Brain 01.07.2008
Restless Legs Syndrome Doubles Risk of Stroke and Heart Disease 01.01.2008
High Triglycerides, Other Cholesterol Raise Risk of Stroke 12.26.2007
Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs and the Risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke 12.12.2007
Good Physical Function After Age 40 Tied to Reduced Risk of Stroke 12.10.2007
Not Enough ‘Good’ Cholesterol Makes It Harder to Recover from Stroke 11.26.2007
New Treatment for Stroke Works up to a Day After Symptoms Start 10.01.2007
Stopping Statins After Stroke Raises Risk of Death, Dependency 08.27.2007
More Women than Men Having Mid-Life Stroke 06.20.2007
Stroke Risk Nearly Doubles for Siblings of People Who Have Had a Stroke 05.02.2007
Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs Reduce Risk of Stroke, Heart Attack 05.02.2007
Migraines During Pregnancy Linked to Stroke and Other Vascular Diseases 05.01.2007
Good News for Rural Stroke Patients: Telephone Treatment Works 04.24.2007
Emory University Researcher Awarded by AAN Foundation for Stroke Research 04.23.2007
University of Virginia Neurologist Honored by AAN for Stroke Research 04.11.2007
New Jersey Researcher Honored by AAN for Work in Restoring Movement after Stroke 04.11.2007
Gene Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke 03.26.2007
Men More Likely to Benefit from Clot-Busting Stroke Treatment 03.12.2007
Cholesterol in Stroke Patients Exceeds National Guidelines 02.26.2007
Learning to Prevent Medical Mistakes in Caring for Stroke Patients 02.19.2007
Healthy Women with High Cholesterol at Increased Risk of Stroke 02.19.2007
Stents Benefit People at High Risk of Stroke 02.05.2007
Risk of Death Increases with Combined Heart and Stroke Prevention Surgery 01.15.2007
Fewer Patients Undergoing Stroke Prevention Surgery for Wrong Reasons 01.15.2007
Methamphetamine Use Increases Risks of Artery Tears and Stroke 12.25.2006
In Stroke, Negative Studies Less Likely to Get Published 09.25.2006
Projected Costs of Stroke in the United States Top $2 Trillion Dollars 08.16.2006
Projected Costs of Stroke Highlight Need for Increased NIH Funding 08.16.2006
Aspirin + Cholesterol Drugs + Blood Pressure Drugs=Less Severe Strokes 04.18.2006
Better Stroke Outcome with High Blood Calcium 03.24.2006
Few Stroke Patients Get to Hospital in Time for Treatment 02.13.2006
For Some, Aspirin Doesn’t Increase Risk of Recurring Hemorrhagic Stroke 01.23.2006
Eyes May Provide Window to Future Strokes 10.10.2005
Updated Guideline: Carotid Endarterectomy Beneficial for Stroke Prevention in Patients with Moderate to Severe Stenosis 09.26.2005
Using Simple Forms Can Improve Stroke Care 08.08.2005
Magnetic Stimulation May Improve Stroke Recovery 05.23.2005
Women Not Given Same Tests for Stroke 04.14.2005
Hormone Aids Recovery in Rats with Hemorrhagic Stroke 04.14.2005
Study Shows Statin Use Before or After Stroke Improves Recovery 04.12.2005
Stroke Warning Signs Often Occur Hours or Days before Attack 03.07.2005
Care of Rural Stroke Patients Improves with Telephone Support 01.10.2005
Anger, Negative Emotions May Trigger Stroke 12.13.2004
Analysis of Tamoxifen Studies Reveals Slight Increase of Stroke Risk 10.11.2004
More Than Half of Hospitalized Stroke Patients Likely to Be Treated for Hypertension Against Medical Guidelines 07.26.2004
Severity of Depressed Mood Affects Stroke Risk 04.28.2004
Blood Pressure Drug Helps Delay Ischemic Brain Damage in Stroke Patients 04.27.2004
Mexican Americans at Greater Risk for Stroke than Non-Hispanic Whites 04.27.2004
Migraine with Aura, Cholesterol Increase Risk of Stroke in Women 04.26.2004
Guideline: Heart Condition Does Not Increase Risk of Second Stroke 04.12.2004
Diet High in Vitamin C Decreases Stroke Risk, Especially Among Smokers 11.10.2003
Lowering Blood Pressure Immediately After Stroke Can Be Harmful 10.27.2003
“Shaping” Technique Found Effective and Efficient in Stroke Rehab 09.22.2003
Boys, Black Children Have Higher Risk of Stroke 07.21.2003
Rare Stroke Risk Related to Air Travel 06.23.2003
Drug May Work on Secondary Clots in Stroke 05.26.2003
Neck and Spine Adjustments Linked to Increased Risk of Stroke 05.12.2003
Public Doesn’t Know Symptoms of Mini-Stroke 05.12.2003
Stroke Risk Increases with Metabolic Syndrome 04.01.2003
Lack of Awareness and Control of Risk Factors Still Contributing to Preventable Strokes among African Americans 01.13.2003
Neurologist Says Stroke Among Neonates and Children Is Severely Under-Recognized 10.24.2002
Cell Transplants Look Promising for Stroke Recovery 08.26.2002
Will a Banana a Day Keep a Stroke Away? 08.12.2002
Aspirin within Two Days of Ischemic Stroke Reduces Deaths 07.08.2002
Testosterone May Reduce Risk Of Stroke In Men; Estrogen Levels Not Related To Stroke 04.22.2002
Lack of Awareness of Acute Stroke Symptoms and Treatment Options Contributes to Underutilization of Important Therapy 04.17.2002
Beyond Obesity: Waist-to-Hip Ratio May Be Better Predictor of Stroke Risk 04.16.2002
Does Weather Play a Role in Stroke? Meteorological Study Reveals an Association 04.16.2002
Researchers Link Stroke Patients' Anger and Aggression to Brain Injury 04.08.2002
Combination of Common Medications May Lead to Stroke 01.07.2002
Cholesterol-Fighting Drug Also Helps Fight Heart Disease 02.26.2001
Drug Can Reduce Pain for Stroke Patients 01.22.2001
Neurology Today
In Historic Joint Policy Document, the AAN and ACEP Endorse Clinical Policy on tPA for Stroke 03.21.2013
Decreased Stroke Mortality in Areas with Higher Density of Neurology Providers 01.03.2013
A Mobile Stroke CT Unit Cuts tPA Administration Times By One-Third: 12.20.2012
NEWS FROM THE SOCIETY FOR NEUROSCIENCE ANNUAL MEETING: Human-machine Interface to Explore Neuroplasticity in Stroke 12.06.2012
NEWS FROM THE AMERICAN NEUROLOGICAL ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING: Researchers Move Closer to Identifying Early Biomarkers of Ischemic Penumbra in Acute Stroke 11.15.2012
UP & COMING: Christopher Anderson, MD: What Role Do Genetic Variants Play in Stroke Outcomes? 10.04.2012
Cryptogenic Ischemic Stroke Patients May Need Longer Atrial Fibrillation Monitoring, Researchers Report 09.20.2012
UP & COMING: M. Brandon Westover, MD, PhD: On Automated Predictors of Delayed Stroke After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage 09.06.2012
New Data Support Expanded Use Of tPA for Stroke 08.16.2012
tPA Appears Safe for Ischemic Stroke Patients on Lower Warfarin Doses, Investigators Report 08.16.2012
Implementing Thrombolysis for Acute Stroke Is Cost-effective, Netherlands Study Says 08.02.2012
NEWS FROM THE NINDS: Priorities in Stroke: Where the Field Is Heading 08.02.2012
UP&COMING: MICHAEL S. PESSIN STROKE LEADERSHIP AWARDEE Natalia Rost, MD, MPH — From the Genetics of Stroke to Neuroimaging and Prediction of Outcomes 08.02.2012
NEWS FROM THE AAN ANNUAL MEETING: Which Ischemic Stroke Patients Would Benefit from Reperfusion Therapy? 07.05.2012
New Study Predicts Motor Improvement Post-stroke Using MRI-based Assessment 07.05.2012
C Miller Fisher, MD, Leading Stroke Neurologist, Dies at 98 06.07.2012
Robert Wartenberg Lecturer: Ralph L. Sacco, MD: On Stroke Prevention — An Unfinished Story with New Perspectives 06.07.2012
Up & Coming: Thalia Field, MD: From Geology to Stroke Neurology 06.07.2012
How Smart Is Your Smartphone? Smart Enough to Assess Stroke in Rural Areas, Study Finds 05.17.2012
Devices for Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale Are Not Found Superior to Medical Therapy for Preventing Recurrent Stroke: Restrict Procedures to Clinical Studies, Stroke Specialists Say 04.19.2012
Why this Neuroprotective Stroke Primate Model May Be Different 04.19.2012
Apixaban Found to Be More Effective Than Warfarin: Findings Hold for Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Prior Stroke, TIA 04.19.2012
Even ‘Satisfactory’ Levels of Air Pollution Increase Stroke Risk 04.05.2012
News from the International Stroke Conference: Novel Clot Retrieval Device Outperforms Merci for Acute Ischemic Stroke 04.05.2012
News from the International Stroke Conference: Clazosentan Prevents Secondary Vasospasm but Fails to Reduce Stroke Mortality 04.05.2012
News from the International Stroke Conference: New Analysis Shows Diastolic Blood Pressure, Renal Impairment Risk Factors for Intracranial Hemorrhage 04.05.2012
News from the International Stroke Conference: CREST: Restenosis Low with Carotid Stenting and Surgery 03.15.2012
News from the International Stroke Conference: Hands-free Headband Device Improves Clotbuster Efficacy 03.15.2012
High — and Low — Blood Pressure May Raise Risk of Recurrent Stroke 12.01.2011
NINDS Halts the Aspirin-Clopidogrel Arm of Stroke Trial 10.20.2011
Ten-year Duration of Diabetes Linked with Three-fold Stroke Risk 10.20.2011
More Chocolate, Fewer Strokes, Study Finds 10.20.2011
New Federal Initiative Aims to Prevent a Million Heart Attacks and Strokes 10.06.2011
Telemedicine for Stroke is Cost-Efficient Over the Long Haul 10.06.2011
Apixaban Found Effective for Preventing Strokes 09.15.2011
Neuroimaging Found to Improve Prognosis on TIA and Stroke 09.01.2011
Pregnancy-Related Strokes on the Rise Nationwide 09.01.2011
Brain Attack Coalition Revises and Updates Recommendations for Primary Stroke Centers 09.01.2011
Transitions for Stroke Patients: How to Reduce the Readmission Rate 08.18.2011
Up&Coming: Peter Adamczyk, MD: New Approaches for Stroke Therapy 08.04.2011
Cognitive Impairment More Common In Southeastern US ‘Stroke Belt’ 07.07.2011
Stroke Risk Doubled in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic?Valve Implantation 07.07.2011
Post-Stroke, At-Home and Treadmill Therapy in Rehabilitation Centers Found Equally Effective 06.16.2011
Vigorous Activity Found to Lower Risk of Silent Stroke 06.16.2011
Stroke Risk: Does Gender Factor in Outcomes After Stenting or Endarterectomy? 06.02.2011
Lowering Blood Pressure 36 Hours After Stroke Shows No Benefit Six Months Later, Study Finds 05.19.2011
News from the AAN Annual Meeting: Women with Acute Ischemic Stroke Less Likely Than Men to Receive Recommended Treatment 04.21.2011
Apixaban Outperforms Aspirin in Stroke Prevention 03.17.2011
Dr. Clark Millikan, Stroke Expert, Dies at 95 03.17.2011
Stroke Survivors Often Noncompliant with Medications Due to Cost 03.17.2011
ICH Linked to Age-Related Macular Degeneration 03.17.2011
New Analysis Suggests That Giving tPA to Patients with Mild Strokes Could Prevent 2,000 Cases of Disability Annually 03.17.2011
Bypass Brain Surgery Found No More Effective than Medical Therapy for Ipsilateral Strokes 03.03.2011
On Stroke Outcomes: Can Higher Mortality Equal Better Quality? 03.03.2011
Anecdotal Reports Supported by Empirical Data: Designated Stroke Centers Have Better Survival Rates 03.03.2011
FDA Approval Sought for Rivaroxaban to Prevent Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation 02.17.2011
More Than Thirty Percent of Stroke Patients are Readmitted to Hospital Within a Year 02.03.2011
Mild Tactile Stimulation Completely Protects Against Stroke in Rat Model 01.06.2011
Bihemispheric Brain Stimulation Plus Occupational/Physical Therapy Augments Motor Recovery in Chronic Stroke Patients 12.16.2010
Longer Stockings May Cut Risk for DVT in Stroke Patients, Study Reports 12.02.2010
Stroke Risk Rises for One Hour After Cup of Coffee, But Only Among Those Who Drink It Infrequently 11.04.2010
FDA Panel Unanimously Recommends Dabigatran Approval 10.21.2010
Despite Lay Press Reports, CT Benefits Outweigh Radiation Risks, Stroke Experts Say 09.02.2010
TCD Ultrasound Found to Detect Risk of Stroke in Patients with Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis 09.02.2010
Diabetes Drug Found to Increase Stroke Risk 08.19.2010
New AAN Guidelines on Stroke Imaging 08.05.2010
Small Study Finds Spike in Hemorrhages Among Warfarin Patients Given tPA After Stroke 07.01.2010
Increased TNF Levels Found to Be Mechanism Behind Apnea?Stroke Link 07.01.2010
Length of Hospital Stay After Stroke Cut More Than a Day by Neurohospitalists, Study Finds 07.01.2010
ONE IN FOUR IN US LIVES IN AREAS WITH NO PRIMARY STROKE CENTER 06.03.2010
More Relaxed tPA Criteria Increases Pool of Eligible Patients, with Good Outcomes 06.03.2010
Fewer Old People, But More Younger Ones, Having Strokes 04.15.2010
Dabigatran Slashes Risk of Brain Bleeding in Patients with Prior Stroke. 04.01.2010
New Gaming Technology Found To Aid in Stroke Recovery. 04.01.2010

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Stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding brain cells. Brain cells die when they no longer receive oxygen and nutrients from the blood or there is sudden bleeding into or around the brain. The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble with walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination; or sudden severe headache with no known cause. There are two forms of stroke: ischemic - blockage of a blood vessel supplying the brain, and hemorrhagic - bleeding into or around the brain.

Do You Know the Signs of Stroke? Learn More From the Speak Up for Stroke Campaign

Treatment

Generally there are three treatment stages for stroke: prevention, therapy immediately after the stroke, and post-stroke rehabilitation. Therapies to prevent a first or recurrent stroke are based on treating an individual's underlying risk factors for stroke, such as hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes. Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while it is happening by quickly dissolving the blood clot causing an ischemic stroke or by stopping the bleeding of a hemorrhagic stroke. Post-stroke rehabilitation helps individuals overcome disabilities that result from stroke damage. Medication or drug therapy is the most common treatment for stroke. The most popular classes of drugs used to prevent or treat stroke are antithrombotics (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) and thrombolytics.

Prognosis

Although stroke is a disease of the brain, it can affect the entire body. A common disability that results from stroke is complete paralysis on one side of the body, called hemiplegia. A related disability that is not as debilitating as paralysis is one-sided weakness or hemiparesis. Stroke may cause problems with thinking, awareness, attention, learning, judgment, and memory. Stroke survivors often have problems understanding or forming speech. A stroke can lead to emotional problems. Stroke patients may have difficulty controlling their emotions or may express inappropriate emotions. Many stroke patients experience depression. Stroke survivors may also have numbness or strange sensations. The pain is often worse in the hands and feet and is made worse by movement and temperature changes, especially cold temperatures.Recurrent stroke is frequent; about 25 percent of people who recover from their first stroke will have another stroke within 5 years.

Research

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) conducts stroke research and clinical trials at its laboratories and clinics at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and through grants to major medical institutions across the country. Currently, NINDS researchers are studying the mechanisms of stroke risk factors and the process of brain damage that results from stroke. Basic research has also focused on the genetics of stroke and stroke risk factors. Scientists are working to develop new and better ways to help the brain repair itself to restore important functions.  New advances in imaging and rehabilitation have shown that the brain can compensate for function lost as a result of stroke.

View a list of studies currently seeking patients.

View more studies on this condition.

Read additional information from Medline Plus.

Organizations

National Aphasia Association

Promotes the care, welfare, and rehabilitation of people with aphasia through public education and support of research. Offers printed materials, a toll-free information hotline, a newsletter, and a listing of support groups.

350 Seventh Avenue
Suite 902
New York, NY 10001
Tel: 212-267-2814 800-922-4NAA (4622)
Fax: 212-267-2812

Fibromuscular Dysplasia Society of America (FMDSA)

We are a voluntary, not-for-profit organization and programs like these can not succeed without your support. Through volunteerism, membership, financial contributions, and event participation, the FMDSA can fulfill our vision and improve the quality of life of those affected by Fibromuscular Dysplasia.

20325 Center Ridge Road Suite 620
Rocky River, OH 44116
Tel: 216-834-2410 888-709-7089

YoungStroke, Inc.

National patient advocacy organization benefiting adult stroke survivors under 65. Works to change public perception of stroke through education and promotes research to enhance quality of life for survivors and their caregivers. Initiatives include education for health professionals and patients, public service campaigns, support group launches and more.

P.O. Box 692
Conway, SC 29528
Tel: 843-248-9019; 843-655-2835

American Stroke Association: A Division of American Heart Association

Offers a wide array of programs, products, and services, from patient education materials to scientific statements with cutting-edge information for healthcare professionals.

7272 Greenville Avenue
Dallas, TX 75231-4596
Tel: 1-888-4STROKE (478-7653)
Fax: 214-706-5231

Brain Aneurysm Foundation

The Brain Aneurysm Foundation is the nation's only nonprofit organization solely dedicated to providing critical awareness, education, support and research funding to reduce the incidence of brain aneurysms.

269 Hanover Street, Building 3
Hanover, MA 02339
Tel: 781-826-5556 888-BRAIN02 (272-4602)

Brain Attack Coalition

The Brain Attack Coalition is a group of professional, voluntary and governmental entities dedicated to reducing the occurrence, disabilities and death associated with stroke. The goal of the Coalition is to strengthen and promote the relationships among its member organizations in order to help people who have had a stroke or are at risk for a stroke.

31 Center Drive
Room 8A07
Bethesda, MD 20892-2540
Tel: 301-496-5751
Fax: 301-402-2186

National Stroke Association

National non-profit organization that offers education, services and community-based activities in prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and recovery. Serves the public and professional communities, people at risk, patients and their health care providers, stroke survivors, and their families and caregivers.

9707 East Easter Lane
Suite B
Centennial, CO 80112-3747
Tel: 303-649-9299 800-STROKES (787-6537)
Fax: 303-649-1328

Children's Hemiplegia and Stroke Assocn. (CHASA)

CHASA is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the lives of children and families affected by pediatric stroke and other causes of hemiplegia. Offers national family retreat, local family events and seminars, online support group, websites, fact sheets, clinical study information, and pediatric stroke awareness campaigns.

4101 West Green Oaks Blvd., Ste. 305
PMB 149
Arlington, TX 76016
Tel: 817-492-4325

Hazel K. Goddess Fund for Stroke Research in Women

Non-profit organization that focuses on critical issues specific to stroke in women, including research, prevention, treatment, education, and advocacy.

1217 South Flagler Drive
Suite 302
West Palm Beach, FL 33401
Tel: 561-623-0504

Heart Rhythm Foundation

Nonprofit organization dedicated to reducing death and disability due to heart rhythm disorders, such as atrial fibrillation.

1400 K Street, NW
Suite 500
Washington, DC 20005
Tel: 202-464-3454
Fax: 202-464-3405

BrightFocus Foundation

Non-profit charitable organization dedicated to funding research and educating the public on Alzheimer's disease, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.

22512 Gateway Center Drive
Clarksburg, MD 20871
Tel: 1- 800-437-2423
Fax: 301-258-9454

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